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Biological molecules that consist predominantly of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms and that serves both as important water-soluble energy supplies and as structural molecules.
Carbohydrates include monosaccharides (sugars), disaccharides (also sugars), and polysaccharides (including starches and the structural molecule, cellulose). As their name implies, their molecular formulas, particularly of monosaccharides, can be written as combination of carbon and water. For example, the molecular formula of glucose is (CH2O)6.
Carbohydrates serve, in the form of glucose and glycogen, as rapidly available energy stores within our bodies. In numerous other forms, most notable sucrose, lactose, and starch, carbohydrates serve as substantial and important components of diets.
The following is a list of terms associated with carbohydrates:
Aldose, Amylopectin, Amylose, Carbohydrate, Cellulose, Chitin, Core polysaccharide, Deoxyribose, Disaccharide, Glycerol, Glucose, Glycogen, Glycoprotein, Glycosidic linkage, Hexose, Ketose, Lactose, Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), Maltose, O polysaccharide, Monosaccharide, Oligosaccharide, Pentose, Polysaccharide, Proteoglycan, Ribose, Ring form, Starch, Sugar, Triose
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