Diabetes

∞ generated and posted on 2016.01.19 ∞

Diseases and conditions of the endocrine system are commonly described as endocrine disorders, endocrine diseases, or hormone diseases.

Diseases of or associated with the endocrine system include Addison's disease, adrenal insufficiency, Cushing's disease, diabetes mellitus, gigantism, goiter, Grave's disease, osteoporosis, hyperthyroidism, hypoaldosteronism, hypoglycemia, hypopituitarism, hypothyroidism, multiple endocrine neoplasia, polycystic ovary syndrome, etc.

This page contains the following terms: Diabetes mellitus Type 1, Diabetes mellitus Type 2



Diabetes mellitus Type 1

Disease of excessive blood glucose associated with decreased ability to produce insulin.
Type 1 diabetes appears, at least in part, to be an autoimmune disease associated with the destruction of beta (β) cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas. Diabetes mellitus type 1 is also known as juvenile or insulin-dependent diabetes. As such it typically arises earlier in life (in comparison to adult-onset diabetes) and also is treated in part via the administration of insulin via injection in response to elevated blood glucose levels, such as especially can follow a meal. Uncontrolled type 1 diabetes results in increased urination (due to excessive glucose in the urine which makes it difficult to remove water from urine) and increased thirst (due to increased urination). Increased hunger is also seen with uncontrolled type 1 diabetes.


Links to terms of possible interest: Diabetes, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Insulin, Symptoms, Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes

Though hampered by poor resolution, and the sound also is not well synced with the video, nonetheless the above video is a well done and informative introduction to both insulin and type I diabetes.



Diabetes mellitus type 2

Disease of excessive blood glucose associated with decreased ability of cells to respond to insulin.
Contrasting type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is non-insulin-dependent as well as generally (though not exclusively) adult onset. Here insulin is released in response to excessive blood glucose levels, though not necessarily in sufficient quantities, and the released insulin has a reduced impact on the tissues otherwise responsible for taking up glucose from the blood (i.e., those target tissues display an insulin resistance). Symptoms nonetheless are similar to those associated with diabetes mellitus type 1. Type 2 diabetes appears to be especially associated with obesity and is addressable therefore via weight loss as well as diet modification and increased exercise.

The above video provides a particularly good overview of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

The above video provides a nice, brief overview of the basics of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

The above video oversimplifies to the point of being simply wrong in a numbers places; however, if you want a quick indication of how type 1 diabetes mellitus differs from type 2 diabetes mellitus, then it's not a bad place to find that information.

A case study, type 2 diabetes, female.


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